Revision [495]

This is an old revision of WikkaInternationalization made by JsnX on 2004-05-29 16:07:08.


From Wikipedia:
Internationalization and localization both are means of adapting products such as publications or software for non-native environments, especially other nations and cultures.

"Internationalization" is often abbreviated as I18N (or i18n or I18n), where the number 18 refers to the number of letters omitted (conveniently, in either spelling). "Localization" is often abbreviated L10N (etc.) in the same manner.

There have been requests for Wikka to handle language translations. Now the question is, what is the best way to achieve this?

DotMG has made a proposal below. The method proposed is common in PHP coding and should work okay. However before we move forward, it would be nice to have more feedback. Are there any pointers or suggestions for alternative methods? Searching on the web revealed pointers to using gettext, but it's not clear how portable this would be in various web servers environments.

Any other suggestions?

Regardless of what we decide, I think we should use the ISO 639-2 alpha-3 code as a standard for language abbreviations. Check the LanguageCodes for a table with all the codes.

DotMG's proposal

To make wikka available in more languages, we have to rewrite pages (especially actions/*.*, handlers/page/*.*) and substitute english texts by something like : echo sprintf($this->lang['some_thing'], $this->Format('somethingelse'), 'othertext');
and use a page like which content will be:
$this->lang = array(
'some_thing' => "In english, the text is '%1\$s' and '%2\$s'!"


I made a lot of modifications and these are now available at
But it is not documented and need more tests.
To install it, you just have to overwrite all existing files, and reload homepage.

If you want another language, just add a copy renamed of language/english.php in language directory.
Known bug of this dev version :
With $this->lang['edit_preview'] = 'Aperçu'; in french language, the preview can not be shown because $_POST['submit'] == 'Aperçu' but $this->lang['edit_preview'] is it's htmlentity (see above). To correct the problem, you can add htmlentities() to $_POST['submit'] but an error will occur again if the language file contains another character like ç.

Please, inform me by mail if you found some bugs.
info at dotmg dot net

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